Baingan Bharta – Roasted Eggplant Mash

4.95 from 99 votes

Spicy fire roasted eggplant mash, Baingan Bharta is best enjoyed with roti or parathas. This Punjabi Baingan Bharta recipe uses minimal spices for the best results! Vegan & gluten-free.

Jump to Recipe

This post may contain affiliate links. Please read our disclosure policy.

Smokey roasted eggplant mash with Indian spices, this punjabi baingan bharta is a very popular dish in North India and one of my personal favorites too.

It’s best enjoyed with hot rotis or paratha!

baingan bharta served in a black bowl garnished with green chilies and a spoon on the side

Some veggies are liked universally while others have limited appeal, the eggplant (baingan in Hindi) belongs to the latter category. I don’t know how true it is but this is what I observed growing up, kids especially would never eat this vegetable.

My brothers are all grown now and they still don’t eat it! Anyway I have always been an eggplant fan, I like it in any form like in this bornai banjan or this eggplant mango kadhi but my most favorite way to eat it is baingan bharta!

Baingan Bharta is basically fire roasted eggplant mash cooked with spices. There are different ways of making this bharta [bharta=mash] but this is the most common way and the one you will find in Indian restaurants.

I know there are other ways because in the state of Uttar Pradesh and that’s where I am from, it is not made in this way at all. So as a child, I always ate eggplant bharta which was just smoked eggplant mash mixed with mustard oil, chopped garlic and some pickle masala.

In a way it tasted a lot like baba ganoush minus the tahini and olive oil. It used to be favorite until I was introduced to this Punjabi version.

baingan bharta served in a black bowl garnished with green chilies and a spoon on the side

How to Make The Best Baingan Bharta

The most important thing to get that real taste of punjabi banigan bharta is  to roast your eggplant on direct gas/flame. I know people roast the eggplant using microwave and oven too but for me the smoky aroma and flavor is what MAKES this dish so you have to fire roast the eggplant.

Another way to make it extra flavorful is to roast some garlic cloves along with the eggplant. You make few slits in the eggplant with a knife and then tuck in the garlic cloves before roasting.

The roasted garlic adds a lot of flavor. I go heavy on the garlic in my baingan bharta, use it while roasting the eggplant and also in my masala.

Once the eggplant is roasted, you mash it up and then cook it with ginger, onion, tomatoes and some spices. The real flavor of the punjabi baingan bharta comes from roasting the eggplant well so I haven’t used many spices here. That’s how it’s traditionally made too.

As you guys know, I am not a huge spice fan so I added only 1 green chili here and also used 1/2 teaspoon red chili powder. If you love your baingan bharta all spicy, use more of the green chilies and the red chili powder.

Sarvesh doesn’t like eggplant but baingan bharta is one of his favorites. That’s the special thing about this dish, you can love it even if you don’t like eggplant.

I think the smokey flavor that comes from roasting the eggplant makes it so flavorful that it’s hard not to like it, until and unless of course you are like my brothers who have made up their minds that bahrta is not to be eaten no matter what!

Baingan bharta is best enjoyed this roti or plain paratha. It goes well with rice too but I personally just polish off the entire plate with hot rotis.

punjabi baingan bharta served in a black bowl with rotis on the side

This Baingan Bharta Recipe

✓ makes the most authentic punjabi style baingan bharta

✓ is vegan and gluten-free

✓ is best enjoyed with roti or plain paratha

✓ sure to please even those who dislike eggplant otherwise!

I hope you guys give this recipe a try and love this baingan bharta as much as I do!

 

Method

1- Rinse the eggplant and pat dry. Brush it with little oil all over. Then make few slits all over the eggplant with a knife. In 3 of those slits, insert a large clove of garlic. Put the eggplant directly on heat and roast, turning often for around 10-12 minutes until completely roasted.

2- Once roasted (to check if its done, insert a knife inside the eggplant, it should go easily) use a pair of tongs to remove the eggplant from heat and wrap in an aluminium foil to cool.

3- Once cooled, remove the skin. Meanwhile also chop the roasted garlic.

4- Transfer the roasted eggplant to a bowl and mash using a fork or potato masher. Set it aside.

step by step pictures of making baingan bharta

5- Heat oil in a pan on medium heat. Once the oil is hot, add chopped garlic (different from the ones used while roasting the eggplant), ginger and green chili. Saute until they start changing color, around 2 minutes.

6- Then add in the chopped onion and cook for 2-3 minutes until softened. Don’t brown them.

7- Add the chopped tomatoes and mix.

8- Cook the tomatoes for around 5 minutes until very soft and you notice oil oozing out of the masala.

step by step pictures of making baingan bharta

9- Add the mashed roasted eggplant into the pan along with the chopped roasted garlic and mix well.

10- Add the red chili powder and mix.

11-  Also add the coriander powder and salt and mix to combine. Cook the bharta for another 5 minutes on medium-low heat, stirring often.

12- Stir in the chopped cilantro and mix. Remove pan from heat.

step by step pictures of making baingan bharta

Serve baingan bharta immediately with hot rotis!

baingan bharta served in a black bowl garnished with green chilies and a spoon on the side

If you’ve tried this Baingan Bharta Recipe then don’t forget to rate the recipe! You can also follow me on FacebookInstagramPinterest and Twitter to see what’s latest in my kitchen!

This post has been updated from the recipe archives, first published in 2014.

Baingan Bharta

4.95 from 99 votes
Prep: 10 minutes
Cook: 20 minutes
Total: 30 minutes
Servings: 2
Spicy fire roasted eggplant mash, Baingan Bharta is best enjoyed with roti or parathas. This Punjabi Baingan Bharta recipe uses minimal spices for the best results! Vegan & gluten-free.

Ingredients 

For roasting the eggplant

  • 1 medium eggplant around 550 grams
  • 3 large garlic cloves

For the baingan bharta

  • 1.5 tablespoon oil I used vegetable oil
  • 4 large garlic cloves chopped
  • 1 inch ginger chopped
  • 1 green chili or to taste, chopped
  • 1 medium red onion 120 grams, chopped
  • 2 medium tomatoes 280 grams, chopped
  • 1/2 teaspoon red chili powder or to taste
  • 1 teaspoon coriander powder
  • 3/4 teaspoon salt or to taste
  • 2 tablespoons chopped cilantro
Save this recipe!
Get this sent to your inbox, plus get new recipes from us every week!
Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.

Instructions 

  • Rinse the eggplant and pat dry. Brush it with little oil all over. Then make few slits all over the eggplant with a knife. In 3 of those slits, insert a large clove of garlic. Put the eggplant directly on heat and roast, turning often for around 10-12 minutes until completely roasted.
  • Once roasted (to check if its done, insert a knife inside the eggplant, it should go easily) use a pair of tongs to remove the eggplant from heat and wrap in an aluminium foil to cool.
  • Once cooled, remove the skin. Meanwhile also chop the roasted garlic.
  • Transfer the roasted eggplant to a bowl and mash using a fork or potato masher. Set it aside.
  • Heat oil in a pan on medium heat. Once the oil is hot, add chopped garlic (different from the ones used while roasting the eggplant), ginger and green chili. Saute until they start changing color, around 2 minutes.
  • Then add in the chopped onion and cook for 2-3 minutes until softened. Don't brown them.
  • Add the chopped tomatoes and mix. Cook the tomatoes for around 5 minutes until very soft and you notice oil oozing out of the masala.
  • Add the mashed roasted eggplant into the pan along with the chopped roasted garlic and mix well.
  • Add the red chili powder and mix. Also add the coriander powder and salt and mix to combine. Cook the bharta for another 5 minutes on medium-low heat, stirring often.
  • Stir in the chopped cilantro and mix. Remove pan from heat.
  • Serve baingan bharta hot with fresh rotis!

Nutrition

Calories: 114kcal, Carbohydrates: 4g, Fat: 10g, Sodium: 958mg, Potassium: 73mg, Fiber: 1g, Sugar: 1g, Vitamin A: 435IU, Vitamin C: 8mg

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Additional Info

Course: Entree
Cuisine: Indian
Your feedback is valuable!Please share your comments, ratings, and any suggestions or adaptations below to help us improve and make our recipes more successful.

Hi, I’m Manali!

Bringing you easy, delicious vegetarian & vegan recipes! Eating veggies can be fun, you just need to get creative in the kitchen with the right set of ingredients!


Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Recipe Rating




181 Comments

  1. Hi Manali,
    I love to order Baingan Bharta whenever it is on the menu at an Indian restaraunt. I really want to try this recipe but am confused about the red chili powder and the green chilies. What should I be looking for at the store? I have researchedthem and found articles about Hari Mirch (green) and Kashmiri (red) peppers. Are these what you use or are there other types that can be substituted in the U.S.?

    1. Hi Mark, you should be looking for thai green chilies. You can find them at all Indian grocery stores and even Asian stores. There are different kinds of chili powder. The Kashmiri red chili powder is less spicy than the regular chili powder. The Kashmiri gives a better color to the dish than the regular chili powder. At Indian stores you will find “red chili powder” and “kashmiri red chili powder”. You can use either. Kashmiri will just be a little less spicy.

    1. Hi Misha, it depends on what is the menu. If you have 4-5 more thinks like chole, rajma etc, I would just make this recipe for 10 people. and for that you need to multiply the recipe 5 times.

  2. 5 stars
    This recipe looks great! I can’t wait to try it next week 🙂 I like to meal prep- would this be a good recipe reheated? Or should I plan to make it a one-and-done weekend experiment?

  3. As far as I remember and have tried in different Indian restaurants, green pea is an inseparable ingredient of Bharta. I don’t know what makes you think you can eliminate that! Let’s make some Pakora without vegetables! Or perhaps we won’t need any flour! Lest try that!

    1. Hi Farzan, I don’t know why are you questioning how authentic this recipe is. I was born in India, grew up in Delhi. Married to a Punjabi, so I would like to believe I know how a baingan bharta is made 🙂 My mother in law (a Punjabi of course) is a fantastic cook and doesn’t add green peas in her bharta. She lives in Delhi. Adding things or not varies so much from household to household.

      India is such a big country, so how can any dish be made in exact same way in every house? 🙂 Everyone has their own way or style of making a recipe. If you want peas, please add peas but this is definitely an authentic recipe. Thanks

      1. A lovely recipe. Thank you for posting it. There are so many varieties, just like in Polish cuisine!

      2. Hi, Manali, I think this is a good opportunity to thank you for the many lovely meals we’ve had in our home, thanks to you and your recipes. In future, I hope you won’t bother to reply to, or even post, comments from people who can’t express themselves in a polite and respectful manner. Evidently, some readers do not realize that they can add peas to a dish if they choose to do so, even when your recipe doesn’t call for it — and that’s fine, if they feel they need permission to add peas, they can write and get it. But snarkiness should be right off the menu. You’re recipes are great and you should feel nothing but good about what you do.

      3. Haters are gonna hate, Miss Manali. Just ignore people like Farzan. Your recipes are wonderful and you’ve given me and my family many hours of cooking and dining pleasure! Thank you for that!

    2. Because someone has tried a food at several restaurants make them an authority on whats authentic? – I think not.
      Sushi/Japanese food is a great example…Italian food also comes to mind. Many of these restaurants outside of their native country are NOT authentic cuisine and cater to customer preference.
      I had a conversation with an owner of an Indian restaurant that opened in a nearby college town. I asked him why his recipes seemed to change since I first visited (which was great!) He said people were complaining that the food wasn’t spicy enough. Some of the entrees were noticeably spicier and I like spicy food. It just wasn’t as enjoyable.

      1. 5 stars
        Really fantastic. I have eggplant roasting to make it a second time. Thanks Manali.

    3. A bit of love and kindness and less rudeness, along with your curiosity, would be helpful.

      Authenticity in cooking is so subjective, anyway. People have been preparing food differently from each other since people have been around. Should we cook exactly as our neighbors or as specific ancestors to be “authentic?” Is it helpful to argue and be aggressive about it vs just asking?

      Let’s all chill.

      Ps Manali: I’ve been making bharata for years trying to find a recipe that I love. This recipe is amazing. Thanks for sharing.

    4. 5 stars
      What’s the need to be rude? This is a lovely recipe and no one is stopping you from adding peas!

  4. 5 stars
    I had never heard of this recipe ,my wife had it in our local Indian restaurant and was so impressed with the rich flavours that I had to try and replicate it , just made it this morning following the exact recipe and it tastes wonderful !!, I have just tweeked it as we want a main course with meat so added some cooked lamb- left over from yesterday and a small portion of curry gravy which I have in the freezer ,there is now enough liquid to make a great consistency sauce which we will have this evening with rice and naan bread
    Thank you

  5. Nice recipe! For European version i add milk and heavy cream. Awesome food… And indian cumin with onion in beginning.

  6. 5 stars
    Wow, so delicious! I added roasted peanut powder, and it turned out excellent recipe. Thank you for this.

  7. 5 stars
    Manali, Thank you so much for another super delicious, flavor packed recipe.

    Just finish cooking it as I write. Love it. ♥️

  8. Im currently missing my gas flame ( stuck with electric) but i found a liberal dose of smoked paprika was helpful.. a delicious dish

  9. 5 stars
    Thank you so much for this recipe. Delicious! I made it today for the family of a friend who had a stroke. It is such a winner. I don’t have a gas stove, so roasted my sliced eggplant in the oven I also prefer chunky, so I didn’t mash or peel the eggplantt, just cut it up), and added curry leaves, my very favorite spice.

  10. 5 stars
    Fantastic. I had small Indian eggplants from a friend’s garden. I put a metal grate over a low flame on my gas stove and slow roasted them for 15 minutes. After years of not getting bharta right, this recipe hits beautifully. Thanks Manali.

  11. 5 stars
    Delicious! The onions were still slightly hard, but I think I cut the pieces too big. I roasted the eggplant in my oven for about 35 minutes at 450 degrees F, and that worked very well.
    So good!

  12. 5 stars
    Absolutely delicious. Received eggplant from our neighbors garden, I love the taste but first time to cook eggplant. Enjoyed this as my first recipe. Thank you. Will make again!

  13. 5 stars
    Worked perfectly. Personally I couldn’t even eat it, I guess fire roasted eggplant isn’t for me but my partner was thrilled. He said it was exactly how Bharta should taste and sent a photo to his mum. So thanks for earning me some brownie points! 🙂

  14. 5 stars
    Hey Manali! I’ve been making this recipe for a while now, and we LOVE it, thank you.
    This time I roasted the eggplant wrapped in foil in the air fryer, and it was a little trial and error, but ended up doing ~15min at 350 and then 25min at 400. Eggplant was still a little tough so going forward, will try 40min at 400.

    1. 5 stars
      Hi, have you tried roasting the eggplant in the air fryer without the foil? I use my oven preheated to 230 Celsius (very hot) for 30 mins.
      I also substituted the green chilli for 1/2 tsp garam masala. Yum!

  15. 5 stars
    I love this dish. I have a gas camp stove outside I use to smoke it. Much better than the oven. I have also used my gas grill. I add yogurt at the end, mix, then top with cilantro. I make mine very spicy and the yogurt adds a little different taste.

  16. How is this recipe only 4 carbs? I was going to make this for my boyfriend who is doing keto and after entering it into
    my fitness pal it came up to 20g net carbs. That is a huge discrepancy.

    1. Hi Hilary, the nutritional estimate is calculated automatically by a plugin that I use. I enter the ingredients and no. of servings and divided the total calories by number of servings I enter. I don’t know what their database is. This is just a rough estimate, for accurate nutritional info, please consult a nutritionist.

  17. 5 stars
    Fabulous. I cook the eggplant right in the propane flame on my stove…turn it 3 times after cooking 3 to 4 minutes. Been eating it daily….makes great leftovers too. I normally hate cooking and am bad at it but your recipes are easy to follow and my efforts are being rewarded!

  18. Hi there!

    This recipe looks delicious, just wondering what temperature to set the oven at to roast the eggplant ? 375?

    Thanks!

  19. Hi! I was wondering how you’d recommend that I roast this if I only have an induction stove and oven? I want to try it but I want to make sure I get this right:)

  20. 5 stars
    So good and easy! This is one of my favorite dishes but I hate ordering takeout of this because it’s always drowning in oil. So at first I was worried this recipe would lose taste bc of the (normal amount of) oil but it was PERFECT! Thank you!

  21. Hi I didn’t have any garlic so I uses fresh grated ginger. I baked the eggplant in oven for approx 40 minutes on 375,took it out n mashed it. Meantime I sautéed onion green chilis, ginger,and two Roma tomatoes. I added also mustard seeds and yogurt ,lemon juice and garam masala. Tossed in mashed eggplant and simmered 20 minutes . Was delicious and spicy 😋

  22. 5 stars
    My partner usually only eats eggplant under sufferance – they said this was the best form of eggplant they have ever eaten! That’s a win from me.

  23. Hi Manali,
    I recently found your site and it has inspired me to buy an Instant Pot! I am lazy and like things easy, I also love Indian food, so your site is just what I needed. Even though this isn’t an Instant pot recipe I have to try it because baingan bharta is one of my favourite Indian dishes. One questions, I want to use garlic-ginger paste instead of fresh garlic and ginger (did I mention I’m lazy?) also I’m not as big a fan of garlic as you are, so how much would you suggest I use? (I do love ginger though).
    Thanks and keep adding Instant pot curries!
    Kath

    1. Hi Kath! Thanks so much for dropping by. yes you may use ginger-garlic paste, no problem, use around 2 teaspoons of it. You can use 2 cloves of garlic in the bharta and also skip the ones I use while roasting the eggplant.

  24. 5 stars
    Great recipe!! This works really well if you char the eggplant in a dry skillet on full heat too! I don’t have a gas oven or grill so this is the method I used 🙂

  25. 5 stars
    Been making this recipe for quite a while now! My family loves it! We have a garden and love getting to use our eggplants for more than just eggplant parmigiana. (Although we love that, too.) This is easy to prepare and so delicious. We use extra hot chile peppers for a little more kick and I roast my eggplant in the oven @400F for 45minutes turning over once and it turns out perfect every time!

  26. 5 stars
    So delicious!! I don’t have a gas stove so I had to oven roast the eggplants but the taste was still fantastic. Definitely making this again!

  27. 5 stars
    I made this and it turned out delicious!! Roasting the eggplants on the stove top took the longest time but the rest of the recipe was quick and easy to make!

  28. 5 stars
    This is absolutely fantastic, delicious and ful lof flavour without much fat/calories. I was looking for something hearty but still tasty that was relatively healthy for me. This dish ticked all the boxes! Even the hubby loved it and he usually hates eggplants. Thank you!

  29. 5 stars
    Turned out great! I roasted the eggplant with oil in 450 oven for 20 minutes. Loved the taste! Thanks for the recipe!

  30. 5 stars
    Loved the recipe..it tastes very nice. I especially like the flavour of garlic we use while roasting the egg plant.

  31. Hi Manali,

    My stove is electric so I can’t really roast this on the stove. Would you recommend roasting in the oven instead?

  32. 4 stars
    Fire roasting the eggplant is so good! Definitely will make again. I think my serrano pepper was not that hot for some reason so I had to add extra chile powder near the end but that was the only issue I had.

  33. 5 stars
    Loved the nuskha of putting the garlic cloves inside the slits of eggplant. Turned out very tasty.
    Thank you!

  34. 5 stars
    Absolutely delish! I added 2 tsp of garam masala instead of the red chili powder. My family loved it, and even more flavorful the next day. This will be a dish I will make fir dinner parties. Definitely a keeper!

  35. I tried once before I didn’t like it…I followed your recipe today and it was tasty…. thank you ☺️

  36. I made this today, it was SUPER tasty! I can’t roast things directly so I baked the eggplant in the oven until golden. Also did a few tweaks: didn’t have fresh ginger, sadly. Added extra garlic and chopped red bellpepper during with onion to sweat, and also added garam masala, turmeric, and cumin with the corriander at the end. Also didn’t have any cilatro so I threw in some chopped green onion right at the very end before it came of the heat so it was hot just long enough to get flavorful. Family ADORED it! Thanks for the recipe.